To choose a laptop for work or for study in 2020 is difficult not due to lack of options, but because of their abundance. When you go to the store, you see several rows of different models, with price tags which are completely incomprehensible characteristics. From the consultants help will not wait: they begin to drive from one model to another, absolutely regardless of your requirements for price, and "pour" specialized terms. In the end, or just running away from the store, or take what they gave the consultant. Such a purchase can be frustrating.
But expensive errors can be avoided if carefully prepared: to determine the list of tasks which need a device to put a hard price limit and deal with the main characteristics. We will tell you how to choose a laptop in the parameters and price.
what kind of price to expect?
If our goal is to get a "workhorse" that will help in school and work, it is assumed that we will not "drive" in a resource-intensive game and set in front of a laptop tasks like video editing or music recording. The main thing – to not "retarded" Word, Excel, Mindjet that information in the browser loaded fast.
To buy this laptop you will need to devote 20 to 40 thousand rubles.
Gadgets cheaper 20 thousand to take is not recommended, it certainly will be a lot of trouble — starting with the installation of the operating system (due to the absence of default) to the emergency repair and tiresome search for rare components.
How to choose a laptop for home: basic criteria
When selecting a laptop, be sure to pay attention to the following criteria.
the dimensions of the laptops conditionally be divided into:
- Power (ultrabook and netbooks). Screen size – 13 inches.
- is Universal. Screen size – 13 to 17 inches.
- Specialized. Diagonal – 17 inches.
Netbooks "babies" with 10-inch screens – you can find less on sale. They are unpopular because of the modest toppings. Ultrabooks already have a solid "hardware" and are, on the contrary, at the peak of popularity. Their benefits – attractive appearance, high cost of materials and mobility. The diagonal of their screens – from 12 to 13 inches. Ultrabook could be the perfect solution for us, but, alas, within our budget, we are unlikely going to find anything. Good ultrabooks start at 40 thousand rubles.
Specialized laptops, screen size is over 17 inches, we are also cut off. Their functionality is far superior to our requirements, so we'll just overpay.
the Perfect solution – universal (traditional) laptop with a screen diagonal of 14 inches. This laptop is compact enough to carry it with you on business. If you want to get a bigger screen, you can take the device for 15.6 inch are also there in the framework of the "corridor" of prices.
On the processor market in 2020 duumvirate – "run the show" by Intel and AMD. In fact, this is nothing new – it was also, for example, and 3 years ago. Among the profane have developed a prejudice that Intel is "elite" processors, and AMD – "stones" second-class citizens. This is a false opinion: almost any model of Intel CPU, you can pick up the analog from AMD with the points view performance. Despite the fact that "stones" AMD is generally cheaper to buy a laptop with a processor of this company may result in substantial savings.
If you still prefer Intel, drop the idea of taking a model with a Pentuim, Celeron, Atom or Core i3 / i5 younger generations. Suitable processors Core i3 / i5 / i7 from 7 to 10 generations (Gen.). To understand what generation of processor is simple – it will point the first digit of the code, which is written after the model name. For example, Intel Core i3-3110M – the third-generation model. These were actual 2012-2013
Intel Core i5 is not necessarily better than Core i3. You can take the laptop with i3 is the 10th generation and he certainly will run faster and more stable than the device i5 of the 7th generation.
U recommend AMD processors Ryzen Ryzen 3 and 5 2nd and 3rd generations, generations are defined in the same way as in the case of Intel. Ryzen 7, of course, better, but within our budget we have a laptop with such a CPU will not find it.
At the indicated budget, you can count on 8 GB RAM out of the box. To work on documents, finding information on the Internet and watching movies of this volume is "for the eyes".
However if the laptop is 6 or even 4 GB of RAM, that is no reason for definite refusal of purchase, provided that the other parameters are suitable. RAM if required you can expand by installing additional "dice". Most importantly — to clarify with the consultant whether the model of interest free slots for extra memory, how many and what type of RAM is used.
It is important to remember that the RAM is not cumulative.
We have already decided on a diagonal, but it is not the only parameter of the screen that interests us. Selecting a laptop you need to specify the matrix type and screen resolution. The type of matrix will depend on viewing angles and color reproduction. The most appropriate type of display for your laptop is IPS. У таких матриц самые широкие углы обзора и отличная четкость, но есть минус с точки view цветопередачи – недостаточно глубокий черный. Впрочем, едва ли этот недостаток так для нас важен.
As for the solution, on models with a diagonal of up to 15.6 inches will have to meet more often 1366×768 (HD). Although within our price limit, you can find laptops with FullHD resolution (1920×1080). 15.6 inch is the "border" diagonal, which is already a visible difference in resolution (number of dots per inch). If the diagonal is less, you can hardly grasp the difference between HD and FullHD.
In the year 2020 a laptop with HDD drives, probably not, should have no place in the Windows of shops. The presence of SSD is very important for the performance of the device. According to tests, a laptop with SSD speeds up to 600 MB/sec for read operations, while the analog with the HDD 150 MB/sec.
Of the downsides of SSD the high cost, small amount of memory (average 256 GB) and limited number of write cycles. Experienced users negate the disadvantages of using external hard drives and storing the massive files on them.
There is still a huge number of less important criteria, which must be mentioned at least in passing:
- The Wi-Fi Module. It is important that it was dual band, that is working on the 5 GHz band. This allows to obtain more high-speed Internet.
- The number of connectors. For comfortable work with a laptop needs at least 3 USB Type-A – and the more of them will be a version 3.1/3.0, the better. When editing, the user will have to buy a splitter. Also important is the presence of HDMI output, through which the laptop can connect to the TV.
- The battery life. You should choose a laptop battery which will allow it to operate without recharging for at least 5-6 hours.
The quality of video card we will not consider as selection criteria, as in our case, it doesn't matter.
Which laptop to choose: the TOP 3 models for the home
In accordance with criteria defined by us, we selected 3 current models, the purchase of which will allow us to meet the budget.
Lenovo Ideapad L340-15 AMD
- Screen: 15.6 inch, 1920×1080, antiglare, TN
- Processor: AMD Ryzen 5 3500U, 2100 MHz
- memory: 8GB DDR4
- User memory (device): 256 GB SSD
- Connectors: USB 3.1 Type A x 2, USB 3.1 Type-C, HDMI output, microphone/headphone Combo
Price: 31 980 rubles
Lenovo IdeaPad L340-15 AMD — a laptop which can be called perfect for the paranoid. The model is equipped with a roller blind with a tricky title TrueBlock Privacy Shutter, which can be used to cover webcam. So in the long run will be saving the expense of buying tape.
Seriously speaking, the model is interesting primarily by its autonomy. The laptop is provided a powerful battery, can work without recharge 8.5 hours, and technology fast-charge Rapid Charge. Thanks to her, the battery can be charged up to 80% in just an hour.
- Screen: 15.6 inch, 1920×1080, anti-glare, TN, SVA
- Processor: AMD Ryzen 3 3200U, 2600 MHz
- memory: 8 GB DDR4
- User memory (device): 512 GB SSD
- Connectors: USB 2.0 Type A, USB 3.1 Type A x 2, HDMI, microphone/headphone Combo
Price: 38 580 rubles
Model HP is more expensive, but here "onboard" SSD 512 GB – a rarity for budget notebooks. Lenovo distinguishes the number of USB connectors: the three of them, and two — the third version. HP 15-db1140ur shows excellent autonomy (7-9 hours), it has minimal weight (1.8 kg), so will suit those who like to work away from outlets. Its main drawback appearance. Some call this design a classic, but really he's just nothing.
Acer Aspire 3 (A315-42-R987)
- Screen: 15.6 inch, 1920×1080, wide-angle
- Processor: AMD Ryzen 3 3200U, 2600 MHz
- memory: 8 GB DDR4
- User memory (device): 256 GB SSD
- Connectors: USB 2.0 Type A x 2, USB 3.1 Type a, HDMI output, microphone/headphone Combo
Price: 33 310
In the user reviews of the "singing the praises" laptop Acer Aspire 3 (A315-42-R987), называя его самым шустрым из дешевых. Processor Ryzen 3 3200U дополняется быстрой ОЗУ, которая работает на частоте 3200 МГц – в совокупности это даёт производительность, которой хватает, чтобы открыть десяток вкладок в браузере, YouTube и «добить» все это дело Фотошопом. Однако модель получает критику за качество изображения на экране – по мнению юзеров, углы обзора слишком малы.
Of course, to print in word, you can take the cheapest laptop — but remember that "appetite comes during a meal". Ward, of course, is not limited – you must install a bunch more programs and extensions into your browser and antivirus. So in order to save your nerves and avoid the desire hysterically pounding on the keyboard when the device takes a pause for reflection, it is better to buy the cheapest device to refuse.
Thinking about how to choose a laptop, consider the 3 proposed options, and possibly others. Recommend not to save on the "stuffing" for the sake of attractive design. The device will lose its attractiveness within a couple of weeks, but to tolerate it "slowpoke" you have much longer.